Style Solid

Is there any evidence that reducing the US corporate income tax will create more jobs?

I need credentialed evidence that reducing the US corporate income tax will create more jobs for Americans. I don't care if it's biased, but no blogs or stuff like that. It's for a school project. I've looked on Google, but I haven't come up with anything. Thanks.

The argument is that lower corporate taxes create additional funds to finance investments to increase production capacity, which in turn will create new jobs. Larger after-tax earnings increase working capital in a period of credit tightness. Keeping more of what is earned significantly improves companies' incentives to expand production at a time of layoffs and a shrinking economy. See for example:

http://www.forbes.com/2009/02/08/corporate-tax-stimulus-opinions-contributors_0209_marc_miles.html

Oponents argue that tax cuts may not necessarily translate into higher production levels and additional employment if the economy is not at full capacity, which means that there is not sufficient demand to sustain the current level of production. For example, the current capacity utilization of the US industry is only at around 72%. In this situation it is unlikely that corporate tax reductions would create additional jobs; as long as the exisitng capacity is not used, there is no reason for companies to hire additional workers.

Without in depth econometric analysis, the evidence is not unambiguous. Take for example the cuts in corporate taxes implemented by the Bush administration in 2004. The reduction of corporate taxes of around 135 billion US$ was intended to help the industry which had lost 2.7 million jobs since 2000:

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6307293/

However, the evidence in this case is not clear. Looking at the unemployment rate shows that the unemployment rate was already falling even without the corporate tax reduction. How much the tax reduction actually contributed to the falling unemployment rate would need a more detailed analysis which is outside the scope of this Q&A.

http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/graph/fredgraph.png?&chart_type=line&graph_id=0&category_id=&recession_bars=On&width=630&height=378&bgcolor=%23B3CDE7&graph_bgcolor=%23FFFFFF&txtcolor=%23000000&ts=8&preserve_ratio=true&id=UNRATE&transformation=lin&scale=Left&range=Custom&cosd=2000-01-01&coed=2006-12-01&line_color=%230000FF&link_values=&mark_type=NONE&mw=4&line_style=Solid&lw=1&vintage_date=2010-01-19&revision_date=2010-01-19&mma=0&nd=&ost=&oet=&fml=a

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